What is a noun ?

What is a noun?

A noun is used as the name of a person, thing, place, idea and quantity of a person, a thing and place.

 

Kinds of Noun-

Common Noun – It is the term specified common to every person or a thing of the same kind. It is not a name of any specific individual or thing or place. e.g. – Girl, boy, student etc.

 

Proper Noun – It is the name given to some specific individual, thing or place. e.g.- Mumbai, Rahul, USA etc.

 

Collective Noun– It is the name of a collection of peoples and belongings preserved and spoken together as a whole. e.g. – Class, crowd, mob etc.

 

Abstract Noun – It is the name of a worth, idea, thought or state. e.g.- Youth, Honesty, beauty etc.

 

Material Noun – Such a gold, coal, wheat, tea.

 

(2) Number of a Noun – Singular – Plural

 

(3) Gender of a Noun – Masculine – Feminine – Neuter

 

(4) Case of a Noun

      For example –

       (i) Monty is my friend.

 

       (ii) Who brought this pen?

 

       (iii) She is Ram ‘s wife.

 

Case in Apposition-

  Sanjay, the captain of our team, has been rewarded.

  Apposition means a placing near just as captain is placed after Sanjay. It is a generous of evocative appearance not joined by any conjunction.

 

                                Rules of Noun

 

Rule 1

 

i) Uncountable Nouns are used in the singular forms only.

           ii) Indefinite article is not used before them.

 

           iii) They are not used with plural verbs.

          

Some of the important Nouns of kind are –

Advice, information, hair, business, work, bread, paper, fuel, baggage, poetry, equipment, food, machinery etc

He gave me an information.

 

You should be true to your words.

 

He was punished for committing many mischief.

 

(B) These nouns may be castoff to denote individuality as follows –

 

A piece/a word of advice.

 

A word of abuse.

 

An act of mischief.

 

A piece/loaf of bread.

 

(C) These nouns may be castoff to signify plurality as follows –

Words of abuse.

 

A lot of/many words/many pieces of advice.

Much/some advice.

 

Rule 2

 

There are some of the collective nouns which are cast-off with plural verbs. e.g

Poultry, folk, majority, cattle, gentry, peasantry, people.

 

The nouns House, jury, family, mob, crowd, board, police, team, staff, public, number, committee are used as a body or group and not as members.

 

When these nouns signify participants or individuals, the verb is used in plural form.

         i. Majority is in favor of this proposal.

 

         ii. The committee is unanimous on this issue.

 

         iii. Cattles are grazing in the field.

 

         iv. The people of all the countries should work for peace.

 

         v. The audience was spell bound.

 

         vi. The team are full of high spirits.

 

         vii. The team is at the top in this competition.

 

Rule 3

 

Stag, descendants, fish, sheep – are expressed as singular or plural only by the use of verb. Both in particular and the plural they have the same form.

A sheep is grazing in the field. (correct)

 

Sheep’s is grazing in the field. (use sheep in place of sheep’s)

 

Note- Fishes may be castoff in the sense of diverse number and kind.

 

Rule 4

 

Certain of the nouns (ending in s or es) are used with singular verb.

Branches of learning. e.g.

 

          Politics, statistics, physics, mathematics, economics

Note – statistics are subject is used with singular verb. Figures when taken as a gathering of data is used with plural verb.

      (B)   Diseases. e.g. – Rickets, mumps, Malaria etc.

 

      (C.) Games and sports. e.g. – Athletics, gymnastics, billiards etc.

 

      (D) Titles of books. e.g. – Arabian Nights, Discovery of India, India wins freedom, war         and peace etc.

 

      (E) Descriptive names of countries. e.g.- United Arab Emirates, United States etc.

 

      (F) Some other nouns are – Series, News, innings e.g.

 

Politics are a dirty game.

Two series of matches was played last year.

These news are disappointing.

A series of matches are being played.

 

Rule 5

 

Learning the usages of Nouns as singular and plural in forms.

 

Noun

Used as

Water

Material   

Wood

Material

Asset

Quality

Sand

Material

Iron

Material

Fruit

Edible thing

Air

Element

Arm

Organ

Good

Advantage/use

Goods

Articles

Arms

Weapons

Fruits

Results

Irons 

Chains

Sands

Land

Assets

Property 

Woods

Forest

Waters

Sea

Advices

Bills 

 

 

 

Rule 6

Some of the nouns are normally used in the plural form with plural verb.

Articles of dress. – Jeans, breeches, trousers

Names of instruments. – Shears, scissors, spectacles etc.

Other nouns such as

Thanks, riches, contents, ashes, arrears, proceeds, manners, quarters, earnings.

i. My spectacles is very costly.

 

ii. A pair of spectacles has been bought by me.

 

iii. My scissors is not sharp

 

iv. Order for his transfer has been issued.

 

Rule 7

 

A compound noun (numerical + noun) is not recycled in plural if a noun does the work of an adjective. e.g. –

I. A ten-year-old boy.

 

ii. A ten miles race.

 

iii. A five-rupee note.

 

iv. Ten-day tour.

 

v. Five-foot long room.

 

Rule 8

Nouns stating number are used in singular with numerical adjectives.

Two thousand, two hundred, five dozen, two million, three lakhs. e.g.-  

 

i) I gave him five dozen pencils.

 

ii) I gave him two thousand rupees.

 

ii) There are thousands of partially built houses.

 

 Rule 9

Two adjectives denoting different meanings and qualifying the same noun are considered plural and are used with plural verbs. e.g.-

i) Summer and winter vacation are compulsory in our schools

 

ii) cultural and social life in India are changing.

 

Rule 10

Noun are preposition is repeated in singular form.

e.g.- 

i) Hour after hour

 

ii) Word after word

 

iii) Door to door.

 

 Rule 11

 

The use of Fractions.

 

i) One and a half hours are wasted.

 

ii) A year and a half is wasted.

 

iii) An hour and a half is wasted.

 

iv) One and a half years are wasted.

 

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