What is a Pronoun?
Pronoun is a word used in place of a noun is order to evade recurrence of the latter.
Kinds of Pronoun
1. Personal Pronouns-Words used in place of nouns denoting to persons.
I, we, you, he, she, it, they’ etc.
2. Demonstrative Pronouns- Words used for nouns to point out objects.
“This, that, these, those’ etc.
(i) This is my book.
(ii) That is her house.
3. Relative Pronouns — Words used for nouns to prompt purposes relating to ‘who, which, that, whose, whom’ etc.
(i) The man who has just arrived the room is my friend.
(ii) The book that I bought is very costly.
4. Interrogative Pronouns- Words used for nouns to query questions.
Who? What? Which? Whose? Whom?
(i) Who took my bag?
(ii) Whom did you meet?
(iii) Whose books are these?
(iv) What are you doing?
(v) What shirt is this? Interrogative adjective
(vi) Whose book is this? Interrogative adjective
5. Indefinite Pronouns – Words used for nouns in imprecise and universal
‘everybody, nobody, somebody, either, neither, all, much, several, ear
6. Reflexive Pronouns-Words used as methods of Personal pronouns for importance.
‘myself, ourselves, himself, themselves, yourself’ etc.
7. Distributive Pronouns-Used for individuals and objects referring to them at a time.
‘either, neither, each, every, none, anyone’, etc.
(1) Either of the two sisters is staying here.
(ii) Neither of his arms is defective.
(iii) You can take either room. (Distributive adjective)
(iv) You can talk to each boy. (Distributive adjective)
8. Reciprocal Pronouns -Words used to point out common relationship.
‘each other, one another’ etc.
(i) Both the brothers love each other.
(ii) Indians should not fight with one another.
Rules of Pronoun
When the subject of the verb is the receiver of the deed, the act is said to be reflex Such verbs are used reflexively.
‘Acquit, absent, benefit, settle, amuse, resign, retaliate, revenge, enjoy, exert, anni. familiarize, adjust, pride’ overreach, etc., are used reflexively. e.g.,
(i) You should reward yourself, of every chance in life. (Correct)
(ii) They enjoyed picture last evening. (No reflexive pronoun is desirable) (iii) They enjoyed through summer vacation. (Place ‘themselves’ after ‘enjoyed’)
(iv) He resigned himself to his failure. (Correct)
(v) The former D.M. acquitted very efficiently. (Place ‘himself after ‘acquitted’).
(vi) He was determined to avenge the death of his wife. (Correct)
The following verbs are not used reflexively.
Keep, stop, turn, qualify, bathe, move, rest, hide’ are not cast-off reflexively. e.g.,
(i) You should keep yourself from bad boys.
(ii) He has qualified himself for the post.
(iii) He hid himself in the room.
(iv) The thief hid money under the carpet.
A reflexive pronoun cannot turn as a subject or object of a verb unless it is led by pronoun or noun concerned. e.g.,
(i) Myself will see to it that you get your portion of stuff. (Change ‘myself into T)
(ii) Yourself and he reached there in time. (Change ‘yourself into ‘you’)
(iii) I myself like him. (Correct)
(iv) Raj will do it for myself and my fellow. (Change ‘myself’ to ‘me’)
(a) The verb ‘to be’ should be followed by subjective form when the complement is pronoun. e.g.,
(1) It is me who have brought you home. (Change ‘me’ into ‘T)
(i) It will be us who will buy a new house. (Change ‘us’ into ‘we’)
Verbs and Prepositions are monitored by objective case of a pronoun.
(i) Between you and I Suhani is intelligent. (Say ‘me’)
(ii) She is teaching Rohit and ‘she’. ( Say ‘her’)
(iii) Let they go. (Say ‘them’)
(a) Good behaviors need that the order of singular pronouns should be second person, third person and first person.
b) But in plural ‘we’ is used earlier ‘you’ and ‘they’ after “you’. The later instruction is also empirical while mentioning to unpleasant acts. e.g.,
(i) I and you will attend her wedding tomorrow. (Correct use is ‘You and i)
(ii) He and you will share the mangoes. (Use ‘You’ and ‘he’)
(iii) You, Mohan and I will watch movie tonight. (Correct)
(iv) We, you and they are departure for Mumbai tomorrow. (Correct)
(v) You and I will be punished. (Unpleasant act, use ‘I and you’)
(A) When two subjects are joined by—
composed with, beside with, and not, in addition to, similar, dissimilar, with rather than, excluding, no less than, nothing but, more (noun) than one, the grasping case of the pronoun (possessive adjective) is used in agreement with the first subject.
(B) When two subjects are joined by
‘Which’ is used in place of Who’ when we are mentioning to a choice among two or than two things or persons, e.g.,
(1) of the two sisters who is the more intelligent. (Use ‘which’ in place of who)
(ii) Who is your father in the crowd? (Use ‘which’ in place of who)
Possessive case-We don’t use noun after possessive case of a pronoun. e.g.
(i) This shirt is yours = This is your shirt.
(ii) Our is a populous country. (Say ‘Ours)
The relative pronoun should be expressed according to its relation with the verb of adjective clause. ‘Who’ is used as a subject of a verb of adjective clause and ‘whom is use an object of a verb of adjective clause. e.g.,
(i) He was talking of the women who, he said, he met in America. (Use whom’ in place of ‘who)
(ii) She is the kind of lady whom, every body knows, is intelligent. (Use whom’ in place of ‘whom)